General Telegraph 6d

Telegraph stamps of Great Britain.

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General Telegraph 6d Electric Telegraph Submarine British English & Irish British & Irish LDTC UK Electric South Eastern Railway London, Chatham and Dover Railway
General Telegraph Electric Telegraph Submarine British Telegraph English & Irish British & Irish London District UK Electric S.E.R. L.C. & D.R.
Bonelli Universal Private Telegraph Company National Telephone Company Army Telegraphs-1 Army Telegraphs-2 Railway Telegraph cancel on 10s Post Office Telegraphs Unusual Unexpected Contributions
Bonelli's Universal Tel. National Telephone Army Telegraphs 1 Army Telegraphs 2 Railway Post Office Unusual Unexpected Contributions


There is a book 'TELEGRAPH and TELEPHONE Stamps of the World, a Priced and Annotated Catalogue' by S.E.R Hiscocks (1982)
that I have used for information and catalogue designations, copies are in short supply.
He catalogues stamps intended for telegraph and telephone use without regard of the cancel used.
I on the other hand, want to identify items used with British Army cancellations (though sometimes this may have been postally).
This page is about 'Non-British' stamps that were used telegraphically by British forces.
Where I am reasonably certain that a stamp exists with Army Telegraph cancellations but cannot illustrate one,
I will illustrate with a mint or otherwise cancelled copy, giving Hiscocks designations.


Prices quoted are guided by eBay prices, John Barefoot prices and even Scott.
  Prices are for 'average' condition. The currency is now selectable, the default is British Currency (£).  
Used prices are for stamps with appropriate cancels.
For the Cape of Good Hope stamps, this means pen cancels.
For all others it means specifically with 'Army Telegraph' or 'Army Signals' cancels,
with a premium for legible telegraph code and date.

Military and Army Telegraphs.

The Langmead & Huggins book covers the use of these in Cape of Good Hope and a series of Sudan stamps,
but the British Army Telegraphs units operated in many other countries using local stamps.



Shortcuts to different sections
Bechuanaland 1884-5 Bechuanaland 1900 Boer War OFS / ORC ZAR / Transvaal Nigeria G. E. A. Egypt Sudan References.



Pink highlighting indicates a possible date conflict.
You can mark a row by clicking on it and 'un-mark' it by clicking on it again.
You can see images by clicking the number under the 'Qty' heading.

This listing is based on the work of Peter Langmead (who built on the work of Commander Brown) and has been updated by Richard Stroud, Alan Drysdall and Andrew Higson.

I have added a column for 'Earliest' because I think it is important.
In most cases at the moment it is the same date as 'Last-known' because I only know one example.
There is therefore plenty of opportunity to extend the known range if anyone wants to send me a scan (300+dpi).
I will happily update the record, display the item and give credit for it.


Bechuanaland 1884-85.

Military operations in Bechuanaland from January 1885 prompted the production of overprinted unappropriated types .
These had been produced for earlier use in Egypt and the Sudan.

Military Telegram specimen 1d Military Telegraph - Bechuanaland 2s Military Telegram specimen 3d Military Telegram specimen 6d
Military Telegram specimen 1s Military Telegraph - Bechuanaland 2s Military Telegram specimen 5s Military Telegram specimen 10s
A selection of my specimens and two used examples courtesy of Steve Lawry that were used in Taungs. There was also a larger £1 value. Further details on Page 1.

A Military Telegram from Mafeking to Setlagoli, Bechuanaland 14 July 1885 showing the type of cancel that was used on these.
Military Telegram from Mafeking to Setlagoli
This is illustrated by L & H (Fig171, page 95) - Courtesy of Mark Gibson.


Bechuanaland 1884-85 shown
BK Bank's Drift L
BL Barkly L
BR Brussels Farm L
DH Dry Hartz L
GC Groot Choing L
GU Gunning's Store L
LP Leeuw Pan L
MF Mafeking L
ML Muller's Store L
MZ Maritzani L
SA Saanies L
SH Setlagoli   (No.92) Tick
TS Taungs   (No.44 and No.3?) Tick
VR Vryburg   (No.32 and No.71) Tick

As can be seen from the table above, quite a few stations
have been reported/recorded, though most are rare.
The codes marked with L are listed by Langmead & Huggins
on their page 94, though it would be nice to verify them.
only about a quarter are common enough for
me to be able to illustrate them currently.

A shortage of 6d and 1s stamps resulted in the use of other
values being overprinted in manuscript for the purpose.
Examples can be seen at half my normal scale, on the right.

Military Telegraph manuscript overprints

Military Telegraph manuscript overprints
Courtesy of Spink and Son.

Military Telegraph manuscript overprints
Taungs ?
Courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.


Cape of Good Hope stamps for Bechuanaland 1884-85.

Subsequently, stamps of the Cape of Good Hope were overprinted to fill the gap.

COGH Military Telegraph COGH Military Telegraph COGH Military Telegraph
GB-H9GB-H10GB-H10 with 'MILITARY' doubled

Langmead & Huggins (page 95) mentions the 6d (Wmk: Cabled Anchor) and 1s (Wmk: Crown over CC) of Cape of Good Hope being used after September 1885 in Bechuanaland by British forces,
but I have not yet found any with clearly British cancellations. The first one shilling is cancelled with what looks like a censor mark, but they are mostly cancelled with initials, the date, or simply a stroke of the pen.

More images of these can be seen on the website with a direct link to the military telegraphs at


COGH Military Telegraph COGH Military Telegraph
Used block of 4   GB-H9
'l' in 'Military' missing serif on top-left stamp.
Used block of 4   GB-H10
Broken 'y' in 'Military' bottom-left stamp.
Blind 'g' of 'Telegraphs' top-right stamp.
Images showing typical cancellations courtesy of Rene Gerritsen.


Hiscocks lists the variety 'Telegraphs' over 'Military' for the 6d, but it also exists on the 1/- value.
It appears to be the result of a vertical shift in the overprint.
Bechuanaland Protectorate 6d 'Telegraph over Military'.
This image and the one below are courtesy of Andrew Higson.
Bechuanaland Protectorate 1s 'Telegraph over Military'.
These appear to have been used at least until April 1886.

There appear to be numerous examples of defective letters on these, the doubled 'Military' is more significant.

Bechuanaland Protectorate 6d 'Military' doubled.
'Military' doubled - courtesy of Rene Gerritsen.
And one of mine (shown above) on 1s
Bechuanaland Protectorate 1s 'Military' doubled.
  Bechuanaland Protectorate used at Ootsi   Bechuanaland Protectorate 'Military' doubled.

Numerous broken letters.
Image courtesy of Rene Gerritsen

Anyone have any ideas on this postmark?
Cape postmarks normally have the number in a box. This looks like a rather ornate '65' without box and reminds me of the Natal type.
Comments welcome.

A selection of these.
COGH Military Telegraph Selection
Courtesy of Spink and Son.


The Cape [of Good Hope] did more though than simply supply stamps for use in Bechuanaland.The British Military Telegraph stamps were also used there.

Cape Colony   Jan to April 1885 shown
GL Barkly West x

Barkly West in Northern Cape was the jumping off point for Bechuanaland, though examples the Code GL is very scarce.
Anybody have one ?



Bechuanaland Protectorate 1900.

A pair of Bechuanaland Protectorate stamps used at Ootsi (Outsi).
Cancelled   O--S16.V.00.
Hand drawn for clarity.
Bechuanaland Protectorate used at Ootsi Bechuanaland Protectorate Cancel for Ootsi
Images courtesy of Brian Fenemore.


Bechuanaland Protectorate cover used at Ootsi
This O.A.S. cover, using the same stamps and also on the same date of 16th. May comes courtesy of Nick Harris.
Ootsi was the base for the Mafeking Armoured Train


Bechuanaland Protectorate cover used at Ootsi
This cover sent from Mafeking on 8th May 1900, has an Ooatsi Army Telegraph backstamp of 15th May
Reinforcements began arriving at Mafeking on the 16th. May, ending the siege.
Courtesy of Nick Harris.

I would really like to hear from anyone with any other stamps from this series with Army Telegraph cancellations.


The covers above prompt me to add the halfpennies, 2d, 3d, 4d and 6d to the list below.
Even though I have not (yet) seen them, they may well exist.

Bechuanaland set

Bechuanaland set
This is an earlier series, but there may also be forgeries of the later ones.   Image courtesy of   Bridger & Kay Ltd.

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Bec-33 (GB) H9 6d bright purple (SG52) 30.00 10.00
AT-Bec-33a (GB) H9a         top of 't' in 'Military' missing 35.00 15.00
AT-Bec-33b (GB) H9b         'Telegraphs' over 'Military' 60.00 30.00
AT-Bec-33c           Inverted 's' in 'Telegraphs' 50.00 25.00
AT-Bec-33d           'Military' doubled 50.00 25.00
AT-Bec-34 (GB) H10 1s green (SG26) 35.00 12.00
AT-Bec-34a (GB) H10a         stop of 'Telegraphs' omitted 45.00 15.00
AT-Bec-34b (GB) H10b         'Telegraphs' omitted 100.00 50.00
AT-Bec-34c (GB) H10c         Overprint misplaced to left 40.00 13.00
AT-Bec-34d           'Telegraphs' over 'Military' 70.00 35.00
AT-Bec-34e           'Military' doubled 60.00 30.00
AT-Bec-34f           Inverted 's' in 'Telegraphs' 60.00 30.00
AT-Bec-35   Army Pmk on ½d vermilion ovpt "Bechuanaland Protectorate" 1.20 60.00
AT-Bec-36           Army Pmk on ½d green 1.50 60.00
AT-Bec-37           Army Pmk on 1d lilac 3.50 50.00
AT-Bec-38           Army Pmk on 2d green and red 2.50 60.00
AT-Bec-39           Army Pmk on 3d purple on yellow 4.50 70.00
AT-Bec-40           Army Pmk on 4d green and brown 12.00 80.00
AT-Bec-41           Army Pmk on 6d purple on rose red 18.50 90.00

Look here for an explanation of the table.


Another interesting item, a letter from Mafeking, CGH to London, sent 7/12/1900, arriving 29/12/1900.
It bears the Telegraph cancel for Mafeking on the back.
ZAR Field Telegram
Image courtesy of the Transvaal Study Circle.


(Second) Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902.

For an in-depth description of the Telegraph and Telephone operations see History of the Telegraph Operations during the war in South Africa, 1899-1902 by Leut.-Colonel R. L. Hippisley, C.B., R.E. (PDF)
GB Army Telegraph stamps were used initially in Cape Colony, Natal and Transvaal, but ran out of them in the Transvaal and used what was available subsequently.
The book mentioned above gives a list of offices with opening and closing dates, it makes no mention of the telegraph codes used, or even the stamps.
Associating the codes with office names/locations is sometimes based on hard evidence, but has also been done by guesswork.
The evidence shows that either the list is incomplete, and/or some guesses are wrong.
Keep in mind that Hippisley left in 1902, before many of the offices closed, and probably before some opened.
I have made this page giving easier access to cleaned-up copies of most of his diagrams.


De Aar Military hand-stamp   NP M- of 7 May 1900
DA 4.XII.99 M- De Aar Military in the Cape (Source Andrew Higson) and 'NP  7.V.00  M-' thought to be Naauwpoort or Norvals Pont.

E NM of 22 Jan 1900
Enslin Military in the Cape, 22/1/1900, courtesy of Andrew Higson.


British Army Telegraphic cancellations are found on stamps of other states in the area also.

But they were not always cancelled in this way.

Pencil cancelled JP 16/8/00
Pencil cancelled JP 16/8/00 For some reason, these were not cancelled with the standard canceller.
Perhaps it was captured or lost in the conflict, or perhaps there had not yet been time
to set it for a new date and/or location. Patersons list of office opening dates does not
list any offices opening on 16/8/1900, though it lists Twyfelaar for the day before, and
Buffelsboek and Ventersburg Town for the day after.

There seems to have been a shortage of 1/- stamps. The low values would quickly run out at that rate.
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.



Orange Free State / Orange River Colony.

Shortcuts to different sections
Postage stamps Narrow TF Wide TF 1903 AT Other


When the British Army arrived in the Orange Free State, they had little or none of the British Army Telegraph stamps left.
There are a number of unidentified cancels known on them that may have been in the OFS, but I know of no definite examples.
A (28.7 MBytes) PDF file prepared and made available by Robert W. Hisey and R. Timothy Bartshe, does have a chapter that could be very helpful for this.
It contains maps and a list of offices. I have therefore created this V2Ch1 html version of the chapter for convenience.

British troops under Lord Roberts entered Bloemfontein on 13th March 1900 and declared the stamps and stationery of the Orange Free State invalid.
Local Bloemfontein printers Curling & Co., prepared the V.R.I. overprints within a few days, V.R.I. standing for 'Victoria Regina Imperatrix'.
On Monday March 19, the Post Office opened for business with supplies of ½d, 1d, 2½d and 1s stamps. On the 21st., the 4d, 6d carmine and 5s were issued.

Army cancels on Postage Stamps

On the 24th, the 6d carmine was exhausted and replaced by 6d blue. Friday, March 30th., the 2d was issued, and Monday, April 2nd., the 3d was issued.
The earliest known use of stamps overprinted with V.R.I. and used by the Army Telegraphs being this 21st March 1900, on a block of four ½d on ½d stamps,

Orange Free State block of 4 VRI ½ stamps
Image courtesy of Andrew Higson. Click image for listing.

but examples are known used outside Bloemfontein, by the Army Telegraphs without the overprints long after that.

The O.F.S. was formally annexed to the British Crown and renamed the Orange River Colony on 28 May 1900.


Orange Free State block of 4 ½ stamps Card sent when Telegraph broken down


Stamp from prisoners letter ?


No overprints, a block of 4 halfpenny postage stamps, AT-OFS-P3.
FR 12.VI.00 AT was not on my list, but Bram Leeflang
who kindly supplied the scan tells me it is Frankfort, with the reference:

Orange Free State Philately Vol.2 by Robert W.Hisey and R.Timothy Bartshe (2004)
allocates this datestamp FR date AT to Frankfort. It is shown in their book on page 141.
Perhaps Frankfort had not yet received a supply of overprinted stamps.

I have subsequently seen a similar block in an email from Tim Bartshe.
It has the same date and colour, but stamped the right-way up.
He described it as the second earliest date reported and surely philatelic.
Card sent from Bloemfontain.
Contents say "Telegraph broken down...".
Could 'TS M' stand for 'Telegraph Section Military'?
(Source: Andrew Higson)
An Army Telegraph cancel
on the V. R. I. ½d on ½d stamps.
Notice that in V. R. I. all the stops are
at the bottom. This is the first issue.
In later issues they were raised, though
with some odd low ones.

Image courtesy of Tim Walsh.
This is the only one I have seen so far.
The Army Telegraph cancel is also known used
on the V. R. I. 1d on 1d stamps.
Three examples are shown lower down of covers
from Brandfort Military to Green Point Prisoner
of war Camp in Capetown. These have cancels of
B- 29.V.00 DN   the day after annexation,
B- 6.VI.00 DN   and   B- 23.VI.00 DN
This stamp is likely to be from such a cover.
Image courtesy of Ian Paterson.
On the V. R. I. 1s on 1s stamp.
Though only the last letter can be seen,
this looks very similar to other examples
of the _T H_ of Taaibosch, known from
the day before.

Image courtesy of Ian Paterson.


UDes. Description known Used On cover
AT-OFS-P1 Army Telegraph Cancel on form or cover, no stamp. Yes - -
AT-OFS-P2 Army Telegraph Cancel on other piece, no stamp.   - -
AT-OFS-P3 ½d orange postage stamp (no overprint, code FR   AT) Yes - -
AT-OFS-P4 ½d on ½d red VRI postal stationery  (code TS   M) Yes - -
AT-OFS-P5 ½d on ½d VRI orange postage stamp (code B   FN) Yes - -
AT-OFS-P6 1d on 1d VRI purple postage stamp (code B   DN) Yes - -
AT-OFS-P7 2d on 2d VRI mauve postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P8 2½d on 3d VRI blue postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P9 3d on 3d VRI blue postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P10 4d on 4d VRI blue postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P11 6d on 6d VRI red postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P12 6d on 6d VRI blue postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P13 1s on 1s VRI brown postage stamp (code T?   H) Yes - -
AT-OFS-P14 5s on 5s VRI green postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P15 ORC overprint on ½d green COGH stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P16 ORC overprint on 1d red COGH stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P17 ORC overprint on 2½d blue COGH stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P18 Orange River Colony ½d green KEVII postage stamp (set of 1903-1904)   - -
AT-OFS-P19 Orange River Colony 1d carmine KEVII postage stamp (code -N   F-) Yes - -
AT-OFS-P20 Orange River Colony 2d chocolate KEVII postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P21 Orange River Colony 2½d ultramarine KEVII postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P22 Orange River Colony 3d violet KEVII postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P23 Orange River Colony 4d olive & carmine KEVII postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P24 Orange River Colony 6d violet & carmine KEVII postage stamp   - -
AT-OFS-P25 Orange River Colony 1s bistre & carmine KEVII postage stamp (code S   F-) Yes - -
AT-OFS-P26 Orange River Colony 5s brown & blue KEVII postage stamp   - -

I am sure there are many more to add. The P5-P14 was a series issued in 1900 with Anglicized overprints.
The KEVII Orange River Colony postage stamps (P19 and P25 are shown below) were issued in 1903, with the 5s in 1904.
1907 saw a change of watermark for the ½d, 1d, 4d and 1s.



Narrow TF

Prior to the occupation, the Orange Free State used definitive stamps overprinted 'TF' for Telegraph purposes.
Though stamps were available overprinted V.R.I. / AT from July 1900, these can be seen dated much later than that.
Some of these were additionally overprinted 'V.R.I.' and used by the British Army for Telegraphs from 1900:

Orange Free State Telegraph 1d Orange Free State Telegraph 3d Orange Free State Telegraph 6d
1d   AT-OFS-40b (Kroonstad Military) 3d   AT-OFS-41 6d   OFS-H42


OFS 6d H42 OFS 6d H42 Orange Free State Telegraph 6d - H42e
6d   H42b (positions 6,30,55) 6d   H42b (Large stops, position 53) 6d   OFS-H42e (perhaps ?)

Images of and information for H42b kindly supplied by Bruce Warrender.


Orange Free State Telegraph 1s 1s - Dropped F
1s   AT-OFS-43 1s   AT-OFS-43n*
OFS H40c and H40d
H40c and H40d, courtesy of Bruce Warrender.
The cancel of  HS  7.V.01.  M-  confuses things.


The various positions of the stops and other errors have been plated with the aid of blocks.

OFS H40c and H40d

The code HN -X was at one time thought to be Heilbron, but research by Tim Bartshe lead to the conclusion that it was in fact Honningspruit Siding.
The image above and the one below are kindly provided by Tim Bartshe. These, together with a £1 example shown below, are all dated 21 August 1900, HN 21.VIII.00 X

OFS H40c and H40d

It seems that some expensive telegrams were sent from Honningspruit Siding. Anyone have any other examples ?


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-OFS-40 H40 1d deep mauve 4.00 4.00
AT-OFS-40a H40a         raised 'F' in 'TF' 16.00 16.00
AT-OFS-40b H40b         'V' stop low (6, 30, 53, 55) 25.00 25.00
AT-OFS-40c H40c         'V' and 'I' stops low; all stops larger (52) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-40d H40d         'R' and 'I' stops low; 'I' dropped (58) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-40e H40e         no left serif on 'V' (4, 57) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-40f H40f         'R' stop low (46) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-40g H40g         'R' and 'I' stops low (40) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-40h H40h         'I' stop low (11, 36) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-40i H40i         nick in curve of 'R' (16) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-40j H40j         in gutter pair with 'V.R.I.' omitted 900.00 -
AT-OFS-40k H40k         'TT' altered to 'TF' 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-40l H40l         'I' almost omitted 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-41 H41 3d ultramarine 7.00 6.00
AT-OFS-41a H41a         raised 'F' in 'TF' 15.00 12.00
AT-OFS-41b H41b         'V' stop low (6, 30, 53, 55) 18.00 15.00
AT-OFS-41c H41c         'V' and 'I' stops low; all stops larger (52) 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41d H41d         'R' and 'I' stops low; 'I' dropped (58) 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41e H41e         no left serif on 'V' (4, 57) 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41f H41f         'R' stop low (46) 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41g H41g         'R' and 'I' stops low (40) 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41h H41h         'I' stop low (11, 36) 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41i H41i         nick in curve of 'R' (16) 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41j H41j         'V.R.I.' overprint double 90.00 80.00
AT-OFS-41k H41k         'TT' altered to 'TF' 30.00 25.00
AT-OFS-41l H41l         'I' almost omitted 24.00 20.00
AT-OFS-41m H41m         'FT' for 'TF' 45.00 40.00
AT-OFS-41n H41n         much of 'V.R.I.' omitted 45.00 40.00
UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-OFS-42 H42 6d ultramarine 10.00 10.00
AT-OFS-42a H42a         raised 'F' in 'TF' 25.00 25.00
AT-OFS-42b H42b         'V' stop low (6, 30, 53, 55) 30.00 30.00
AT-OFS-42c H42c         'V' and 'I' stops low; all stops larger (52) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42d H42d         'R' and 'I' stops low; 'I' dropped (58) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42e H42e         no left serif on 'V' (4, 57) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42f H42f         'R' stop low (46) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42g H42g         'R' and 'I' stops low (40) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42h H42h         'I' stop low (11, 36) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42i H42i         nick in curve of 'R' (16) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42j H42j         'I' almost omitted 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42k H42k         'TT' altered to 'TF' 50.00 50.00
AT-OFS-42l H42l         'stop' between 'T' and 'F' 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-42m H42m         comma 4mm below 'F' 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43 H43 1s light red-brown 7.50 7.50
AT-OFS-43a H43a         raised 'F' in 'TF' 15.00 15.00
AT-OFS-43b H43b         'V' stop low (6, 30, 53, 55) 20.00 20.00
AT-OFS-43c H43c         'V' and 'I' stops low; all stops larger (52) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43d H43d         'R' and 'I' stops low; 'I' dropped (58) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43e H43e         no left serif on 'V' (4, 57) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43f H43f         'R' stop low (46) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43g H43g         'R' and 'I' stops low (40) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43h H43h         'I' stop low (11, 36) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43i H43i         nick in curve of 'R' (16) 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43j H43j         'V.R.I.' misplaced and slanting 150.00 150.00
AT-OFS-43k H43k         'TT' altered to 'TF' 50.00 50.00
AT-OFS-43l H43l         'I' almost omitted 40.00 40.00
AT-OFS-43m H43m         'stop' between 'T' and 'F' 40.00 40.00
*AT-OFS-43n -         dropped 'F' in 'TF' 40.00 40.00

Look here for an explanation of the table.
The overprints were in panes of 10 rows of 6. Numbers in brackets are positions within the pane of 60.

*AT-OFS-43n has been added due to the example shown above, courtesy of Bruce Warrender.


Wide T F

Orange Free State Telegraph 6d - wide TF Orange Free State Telegraph 1d on 1d Orange Free State Telegraph 1d on 1d
6d   AT-OFS-44 (wide 'T F') 1d on 1d(H40)   OFS-H45 1d on 1d   OFS-H46

Type OFS-H46 is similar to OFS-H45 but with a tall-thin 'TF' in blue-black ink.  

Can anyone provide scans of H45 and/or H46, preferably with Army Telegraph cancels ?


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-OFS-44 H44 6d ultramarine 150.00 100.00
AT-OFS-44a H44a         'TF' displaced to right 250.00 160.00
AT-OFS-44b H44b         'V' stop low (6, 30, 53, 55) - -
AT-OFS-44c H44c         'V' and 'I' stops low; all stops larger (52) - -
AT-OFS-44d H44d         'R' and 'I' stops low; 'I' dropped (58) - -
AT-OFS-44e H44e         no left serif on 'V' (4, 57) - -
AT-OFS-44f H44f         'R' stop low (46) - -
AT-OFS-44g H44g         'R' and 'I' stops low (40) - -
AT-OFS-44h H44h         'I' stop low (11, 36) - -
AT-OFS-44i H44i         nick in curve of 'R' (16) - -
AT-OFS-44j H44j         'I' almost omitted - -
AT-OFS-45 H45 1d on 1d (type H40) deep mauve 300.00 250.00
AT-OFS-46 H46 1d on 1d (tall-thin 'TF') deep mauve 300.00 250.00



Orange Free State Telegraph 6d on 2d Orange Free State Telegraph 1s on 3d Orange Free State H48c
6d on 2d   OFS-H47 (OFS Pmk) 1s on 3d   OFS-H48 (OFS Pmk) 1s on 3d   H48c   (position 21)
Images courtesy of Bram Leeflang. Image courtesy of Bruce Warrender

The additional image provided by Bruce Warrender shows how the overprints are combined,
The 'V. R. I.' plus '3d' was originally for postage stamps, followed by 'T' and also 'One Shilling' and bar
It seems strange that they did not simply apply a 'TF' to the 6d on 6d and 1s on 1s values ?
The 'T' aligns differently to the 'Shilling' on these two. Also the 'g' is very different.

Can anyone provide scans of these with Army Telegraph cancels ?


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-OFS-47 H47 6d on 2d on 2d bright mauve 125.00 125.00
AT-OFS-47a H47a         thick 'V' (12, 30, 37, 43, 53, 58) 175.00 175.00
AT-OFS-47b H47b         inverted '1' for 'I' (37) 200.00 200.00
AT-OFS-47c H47c         break in bar under 'P' 150.00 150.00
AT-OFS-47d H47d         break in bar under gap 150.00 150.00
AT-OFS-47e H47e         large stop after 'I' (9, 21, 52, 60) 150.00 150.00
AT-OFS-48 H48 1s on 3d on 3d ultramarine 100.00 100.00
AT-OFS-48a H48a         thick 'V' (12, 30, 37, 43, 53, 58) 125.00 125.00
AT-OFS-48b H48b         inverted '1' for 'I' (37) 150.00 150.00
AT-OFS-48c H48c         large stop after 'I' (9, 21, 52, 60) 125.00 125.00
AT-OFS-48d H48d         break in bar under 1st 'i' 125.00 125.00
AT-OFS-48e H48e         break in bar under 'h' 125.00 125.00
AT-OFS-48f H48f         break in bar under 'S' 125.00 125.00
AT-OFS-48g H48g         'V.R.I.' overprint double 250.00 250.00

Types 44-48 are all relatively scarce, even without an 'Army Telegraph' cancellation.




By July 1900 the definitive stamps were being overprinted 'V.R.I./AT' and used by the British Army:
Hiscocks lists 1d, 3d, 6d, 1s and 5s as types 49-53.

Orange Free State Telegraph 1d Orange Free State Telegraph 3d Orange Free State Telegraph 6d Orange Free State Telegraph 1s Orange Free State Telegraph 5s
1d   OFS-H49 3d   OFS-H50 6d   OFS-H51a (thick 'V') 1s   OFS-H52a (thick 'V') 5s   OFS-H53


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-OFS-49 H49 1d deep mauve 8.00 6.00
AT-OFS-49a H49a         thick 'V' (5, 17, 23, 39, 45, 48) 12.00 10.0
AT-OFS-49b H49b         dropped 'V' (24) 30.00 20.00
AT-OFS-49c -         broken 'V' (37) 30.00 20.00
AT-OFS-50 H50 3d ultramarine 15.00 12.00
AT-OFS-50a H50a         thick 'V' (5, 17, 23, 39, 45, 48) 24.00 15.00
AT-OFS-50b H50b         dropped 'V' (24) 40.00 30.00
AT-OFS-50c H50c         overprint inverted 120.00 100.00
AT-OFS-50d H50d         overprint inverted and thick 'V' 200.00 150.00
AT-OFS-50e H50e         overprint inverted and dropped 'V' 240.00 200.00
AT-OFS-50f -         broken 'V' (37) 40.00 30.00
AT-OFS-50g -         inverted and broken 'V' 240.00 200.00
AT-OFS-51 H51 6d ultramarine 8.00 6.00
AT-OFS-51a H51a         thick 'V' (5, 17, 23, 39, 45, 48) 30.00 12.00
AT-OFS-51b H51b         dropped 'V' (24) 30.00 25.00
AT-OFS-51c -         broken 'V' (37) 30.00 25.00
AT-OFS-52 H52 1s light red-brown 12.00 8.00
AT-OFS-52a H52a         thick 'V' (5, 17, 23, 39, 45, 48) 20.00 12.00
AT-OFS-52b H52b         dropped 'V' (24) 30.00 20.00
AT-OFS-52c H52c         overprint inverted (one weakly printed) 150.00 120.00
AT-OFS-52d H52d         overprint inverted and thick 'V' 200.00 150.00
AT-OFS-52e H52e         overprint inverted and dropped 'V' 250.00 200.00
AT-OFS-52f -         broken 'V' (37) 30.00 20.00
AT-OFS-52g -         inverted and broken 'V' 250.00 200.00
AT-OFS-53 H53 5s green ('AT' 7.7mm long) 50.00 40.00
AT-OFS-53a H53a         thick 'V' (2, 14, 20, 40, 43, 46) 80.00 60.00
AT-OFS-53b H53b         low and larger stop after 'V' (60) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-53c H53c         no stop after 'V' (31) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-53d H53d         broad short 'A' (35) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-53e H53e         large stop after 'I' (24, 41) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-53f H53f         overprint slanting and vertically misplaced 200.00 200.00

Nearly all of the used examples of these have Army Telegraph cancels.
The 5/- has a more widely spaced 'A T' as used for the high values below.

Orange Free State Telegraph 3dShifted overprint.

The position of the overprint is variable.
Here is an extreme example courtesy of Bruce Warrender.

Presumably this is from the right side of the sheet, otherwise
I would expect to see the beginning of the next overprint.

OFS H52f     OFS H52f
H52f, courtesy of Bruce Warrender.



Orange Free State Telegraph 1s on form
-K 22.XI.00 DN (Kroonstad) on a piece of Telegraph Form.
(interestingly with the same date as the Transvaal Xmas card one below)
Orange Free State Telegraph 1s pair
B  22.VI.01.DN   Brandfort Military on H52 pair.


These have the same overprint as the 5s (H53, 'AT' 7mm long) above and hence share the same error varieties.
The large size of these is helpful in seeing the whole telegraph code.
According to Steve Hiscocks, the V. R. I. / AT overprint came out in 1901, but there is evidence that it was in 1900.
According to Langmead & Huggins, on 1 January 1902 the civil and military telegraphs in South Africa were amalgamated
to form the South African Telegraph Union.
OFS/ORC became part of the Union of South Africa in June 1910, but a couple below are dated August 1910. Date errors ?

Orange Free State Telegraph 10s Orange Free State Telegraph 10s Orange Free State Telegraph 10s
10s   H54      -R 25.VII.00 -R (Rhenoster Bridge, opened 26/6/1900) 10s   OFS-H54      B- 6.XI.01 -U (Bethulie, opened 16/3/1900)
Courtesy of
£1   OFS-H55   -K.16.VII.00. DN   (Kroonstad Military) opened 12/5/1900.
Image courtesy of Victor Gugliano.. (click image for listing)
Orange Free State Telegraph 1900 Orange Free State Telegraph 20s Orange Free State Telegraph 20s
£1   H55   -S 28.VII.00. FN   (Springfontein, opened 18/3/1900)
Image courtesy of Les Bottomley.
£1   OFS-H55    with scarce   HN 21.VIII.00 X (Honningspruit Siding)
Courtesy Martin Robinson.
£1   OFS-H55       B 16.VIII.10 FN (Bloemfontein, opened 13/3/1900)

Orange Free State Telegraph 20s Orange Free State Telegraph £4
£1   OFS-H55   H- 30.V.90. N   (Heilbron) with a date error.
Image courtesy of Elizabeth Hitchcox.
£4   OFS-H56   B     FN   (Bloemfontein)


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-OFS-54 H54 10s orange 60.00 40.00
AT-OFS-54a H54a         thick 'V' (2, 14, 20, 40, 43, 46) 80.00 60.00
AT-OFS-54b H54b         low and larger stop after 'V' (60) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-54c H54c         no stop after 'V' (31) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-54d H54d         broad short 'A' (35) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-54e H54e         large stop after 'I' (24, 41) 100.00 80.00
AT-OFS-55 H55 £1 claret 80.00 60.00
AT-OFS-55a H55a         thick 'V' (2, 14, 20, 40, 43, 46) 200.00 80.00
AT-OFS-55b H55b         low and larger stop after 'V' (60) 120.00 100.00
AT-OFS-55c H55c         no stop after 'V' (31) 120.00 100.00
AT-OFS-55d H55d         broad short 'A' (35) 120.00 100.00
AT-OFS-55e H55e         large stop after 'I' (24, 41) 120.00 100.00
AT-OFS-56 H56 £4 rose 120.00 100.00
AT-OFS-56a H56a         thick 'V' (2, 14, 20, 40, 43, 46) 14.00 120.00
AT-OFS-56b H56b         low and larger stop after 'V' (60) 160.00 140.00
AT-OFS-56c H56c         no stop after 'V' (31) 160.00 140.00
AT-OFS-56d H56d         broad short 'A' (35) 160.00 140.00
AT-OFS-56e H56e         large stop after 'I' (24, 41) 160.00 140.00

Nearly all of the used examples of these have Army Telegraph cancels.

Orange Free State Telegraph Form
Orange Free State Telegraph Form

The top Bloomfontein one is using OFS forms, whereas the (scarce) Winburg Military one below is on a British Army form.
Images courtesy of Andrew Higson. Click images for listing.



Army Telegraph cancel on other items.


Telegram from Pretoria (Transvaal) to Bloemfontain dated 19/12/1900
Telegram from Pretoria to Bloemfontain
This was handed in on 13th December but did not reach Bloemfontain until the 19th, suggesting that the line had been cut.
It also appears to be unfinished. Image courtesy of Mark Gibson.



This card uses an ORC overprint on a Cape of Good Hope stamp to make up the 1d rate for a Xmas card to England.
ORC Xmas card 30/9/1900 front ORC Xmas card 30/9/1900 back
he back has a Bloemfontein Army cancel. Similar cards are known with Army cancels on the stamps.
Images courtesy of Ian Paterson.


I am told that In Nalder's book on the Royal Corps of Signals, he confirms that the Telegraph Battalion was abolished in 1905 and its constituent parts reformed with a subsequent restructure in 1907.
My table shows a lot of entries for Sudan in that time period, one entry for Transvaal (Machadodorp 16/3/1905), but nothing for ORC until a reference for  FP 21.VII.07 KO and the following two:


Orange River Colony letter,   -N  31.VIII.07  F-   on 1d embossed.
ORC, -N F- of 31/8/1907.
Image courtesy of Michael Wigmore. Associated with this item was a handwritten note in pencil :
Northfield Farm - nr Bloemfontein - De Brug 9 miles - where Durban Light Infantry was sent in 1907 before the ORC elections.”
This is the earliest date I have seen for this.


Orange River Colony letter,   -N  8.IX.07  F-   on 1d  postage stamp on envelope - courtesy of Mark Gibson.
ORC, -N F- of 8/9/1907.   Sutherland Highlanders.
The back shows it was sent from the Sutherland Highlanders.
Below is another with the same date.
_N F-  8 September 1907
Image courtesy of Ian Paterson.


The other 1907 code I have seen is   S  10.IX.07. F-
ORC, S 10.IX.07. F-
This is thought to have been Springfontein, despite that previously being -S  FN
Perhaps this is now a civilian code for it. Image courtesy of Ian Paterson.



Prison Camp letters.

Brandfort Military

Prisoners letter,   B- 29.V.00 DN  (the day after annexation) on 1d   V.R.I. postage stamp - courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.
Prisoners letter, B DN on 1d postage stamp.

Prisoners letter,   B- 6.VI.00 DN   on 1d   V.R.I. postage stamp - courtesy of John Church.
Prisoners letter, B DN on 1d postage stamp.

Prisoners letter,   B-  23.VI.00  DN   on 1d   V.R.I. postage stamp - courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.
Prisoners letter, B DN on 1d postage stamp.


Taaibosch Camp

Letter - inside - dated 22/11/1900,  ( T22.XI.00.H   on ½d on ½d  V.R.I. and  4d on 1d postage stamps
This is intended as an Xmas card, and for the end of the year 1900 and beginning of a New Century.
Letter from Taaibosch Camp - inside.
From R. H. Becker. On Active Service on Lines of Communication with Lord Loch's Mounted Scouts.
Taaibosch Camp, O. R. Colony. 22/11/00. It was folded in four, with the outside being :
Letter from Taaibosch Camp - outside.
The penny stamp is cancelled "Field Forces / British Army / No 24 / 00" - presumably these were applied somewhere in Africa.
The London E. C. backstamp is dated 14 December 1900.
Images courtesy of the OFS Face Book Group.

There is an interesting reference (dated 16/4/1901) to an exchange of telegrams about four months after the letter above :
"[2?]nd, DA to GOC, Kroonstad: 'I have been in communication with G.O.C. Vereeningen [sic] who says that owing to re-arrangement of garrison he cannot give protect to a Refugee Camp at Taaibosch.
Can you possibly arrange that white & black refugees being brought into Wolwehoek can be permitted to retain for a day or so as shelters the wagons in which they are brought in.
It will be necessary I am afraid to bring these people to Kroonstad but before doing so I will try & get tents for them unless there are any in your Ordnance Stores which I can obtain.
Would you consent to a Refugee Camp being started at or near Koppies Station it appeared to me a suitable place if water obtainable." To which the response was :
"Wolwehoek highly unsuitable for refugee camp please arrange to send them to Vredefort Rd. Have no tents in Ordnance here & I fear the wagons
will be required immediately by Gen Elliot for transportation. Kopjes is also unsuitable. When you can arrange for tents better rail them to Kroonstad."

The letter above refers to Lord Loch's Mounted Scouts. "Loch's Horse" was disbanded in England in April 1901. Clearly the exchange of 16 April 1901 had severe consequences for the camp.

Hippisley listed Taaibosch Spruit from 26 May 1900 to 28 May 1900, and Taaibosch (Sutherland) from 6 December 1901 to 12 December 1901.
He apparently knew nothing of the Taaibosch involved with any of the communications above, perhaps because "Loch's Horse" were South African Irregulars.

Transvaal 1d for Xmas cards OVS 1d telegraph stamp overprinted V.R.I.
Presumably 1900
T xxxxxx ?
ORC 3d telegraph stamp overprinted AT and V.R.I. (1901)
An AT stamp of 1901
TC xxxxxx ?
Two interesting scans from R. T. Bartshe. — The stamp on the left probably has the same type cancel as
on the ZAR stamp. The stamp on the right is 1901 or later. — When Loch's Horse left,
and later disbanded (April 1901), T ... H could have been changed to TC ... ? for Taaibosch Camp.
Same date and cancel as the letter above, but on an 1895 stamp of the Z. A. R.
T H could have been Taaibosch Horse from Loch's Horse Corps.

Clearly the Army Telegraph cancel was used on postal items.
In some cases it was because the telegraph was out of action and mail was used as an alternative.
I will list the items with apparently postal use of the cancel, providing designations for items that probably existed.

Note: I have been given some scans of a list of the code letters used in the Boer War which I am told came from The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist of 1988.
It is a great pity that Langmead & Huggins did not include a more complete listing.

Hiscocks does not distinguish between stamps used with British Telegraphic markings and those used with Boer telegraphic markings,
but it is likely that both sides used captured stocks of the other side, sometimes from sheer necessity, but perhaps other times as an expedience.


There is more information and illustrations at: ORANGE FREE STATE STUDY CIRCLE
Varieties are documented in Stamps from the Orange Free State by Buckley & Marriott available from the study circle.



ZAR / Transvaal.

The Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, or ZAR was independent from 1856 to 1877, and 1881 to 1900 when it became the Transvaal.

Shortcuts to different sections
Zegelregt 1901 C.O.G.H. Provisionals Forgeries Other



From the evidence, by the time the British Army entered the Transvaal, they were low on stocks of all but the high values.
When stocks ran out they used local stamps overprinted V. R. I. Later these stamps were overprinted "Telegraphs" and those items were listed by Hiscocks.
Provisionally however the Army Telegraphs used this series for low values without the "Telegraphs" overprint.

Transvaal VRI 6d  Transvaal VRI 1s  Transvaal VRI 2s6d

Transvaal VRI trio
A better trio, courtesy of Bram Leeflang.

Transvaal VRI 1d  Transvaal VRI 6d  Transvaal VRI 1s  Transvaal VRI 2s6d  Transvaal VRI 10s  Transvaal VRI 10s
The first 5 are a series courtesy of Ian Paterson that includes the very rare penny stamp and a the 10/- previously recorded by Alan Drysdall in 2004. The last is another 10/- courtesy of Bram Leeflang.
Interestingly, these two and the Drysdall example look like they were all used in Potchefstroom (-P . . C-) in 1902.

Although Hiscocks did not list them, they are documented in 'The Transvaal Philatelist' journal of the “Transvaal Study Circle” TP 150 (May 2004) page 41.
These are normal postage stamps known used for telegraphic purposes from July 1900 to April 1901.
All the ones I have seen appear to have been used by Pretoria Military.


UDes. Description known Mint AT Used
AT-Tran-1 ½d green (SG226), perf. 12½ Yes 0.20 150.00
AT-Tran-2 1d carmine-red and green (SG227), perf. 12½ Yes 0.20 120.00
AT-Tran-3 2d brown and green (SG228), perf. 12½   1.50 -
AT-Tran-4 2½d blue and green (SG229), perf. 12½ Yes 0.40 150.00
AT-Tran-5 3d purple and green (SG230), perf. 12½ Yes 0.40 150.00
AT-Tran-6 4d sage green and green (SG231), perf. 12½   1.30 -
AT-Tran-7 6d dull purple and green (SG232), perf. 12½ Yes 1.40 100.00
AT-Tran-8 1s ochre and green (SG233), perf. 12½ Yes 1.40 80.00
AT-Tran-9 2s6d grey-lilac and green (SG234), perf. 12½ Yes 1.60 50.00
AT-Tran-10 5s grey (SG235), perf. 12½   3.30 200.00
AT-Tran-11 10s brown (SG236), perf. 12½ Yes 4.50 200.00


A pair of Transvaal VRI 1s
This is a pair with a clear Pretoria Military cancel, dated 2 weeks before the date the office was thought to have opened (25/8/1900).

As an indication of the scarcity of these stamps, the 'accumulation' of the actor Kenneth Griffith, a friend of Peter O' Tool
and avid collector of Boer War items, had 143 x 1s stamps, 16 x 2s6d stamps and single 1d, 2½d and 6d stamps.

A pair of Transvaal H7 with early PR M-
Here is an even earlier one, 5 June 1900 courtesy of Ian Paterson.


Boer delivery envelope - front Boer delivery envelope - back

Front and back of a Boer delivery envelope used at Pretoria on 15 September 1900. Enkom means Arrived. This is stamped P  15.IX.00.RM   note the marks under the letters. This different code appears to be associated with "Box 309"
"De aflevering is Kosteloos" means "Delivery is free of charge". Images courtesy of Ian Paterson.

Joburg delivery envelope       P.P.S.M. Form 179 delivery envelope

A similar envelope used in Johanneburg and a P.P.S.M. Form No. 179 sent Army Post to Castleford, Yorks. England. Images courtesy of the Transvaal Study Circle.


Irene Military

A piece from a form of the N.Z.A.S.M. This was the 'Nederlandsche Zuid-Afrikaansche Spoorwegmaatschappij' (Dutch South African Railway Company.
Used 16 September 1900 at Irene Military with the only non-philatelic use of the halfpenny that I've seen, courtesy of Ian Paterson.


P-20.X.00.RM P-22.X.00.R- P-18.IV.02.R-
Similar to the last, but now with a clear hyphen after the 'P'
P-20.X.00.RM   note again the marks under the letters.
Courtesy of Ian Paterson.
2 days later, 'M' replaced by hyphen.
P-22.X.00.R-   note again the marks.
Is this the same place? Courtesy of Ian Paterson.
18 months later.
(probably) P-18.IV.02.R-   note again the marks.
Courtesy of Ian Paterson.


-N-26.I.01.-S P-11-IX-00-NM P-6-X-00-NM
-N-26. I .01.-S   Nylstroom.
Courtesy of Ian Paterson.
P-11-IX-00-NM   Early Pan Military.
Courtesy of Ian Paterson.
P-6-X-00-NM   Later Pan Military.
Courtesy of Ian Paterson.

Army Telegraph P K 4/8/00
-P 4-VIII.00 K-  latest known date of Paardekop, courtesy of courtesy of Ian Paterson.


R- 8-XI.01.-O

A convenient Transvaal Telegraphs form, used to write a letter home. It also bears a cancel of R- 8.XI.01.-O for Rooidraai.


After stocks of the GB Army Telegraph stamps ran out, Revenue stamps were also overprinted V.R.I and used by the British Army for telegraph purposes.

These are known used from July 1900 till about June 1902 (some later than others) with various perforations.
Anyone interested in Revenue stamps may find The Revenue Society of interest.

Hiscocks lists 1d, 6d, 1s, 1s6d, 2s, 2s6d, 5s, 10s, £1, £2 and £5 as types H1 to H11.
They are normally perf. 11½   but can be   11½ x 14.

ZAR Zegelregt 1d ZAR Zegelregt 6d ZAR Zegelregt 1s
1d   Trans-H1 6d   Trans-H2 1s   Trans-H3
Fiscal stamps used telegraphically, images courtesy of Oscar Van der Vliet.
ZAR Zegelregt 1s6d ZAR Zegelregt 2s ZAR Zegelregt 2s6d
1s6d   Trans-H4   (Source: Andrew Higson) 2s   Trans-H5   (Fiscally used) 2s6d   Trans-H6   (Source: Ian Paterson)
I need Telegraphically used images of H4 and H5 if anyone can supply them.
ZAR Zegelregt 5s ZAR Zegelregt 10s ZAR Zegelregt 10s
5s   Trans-H7   B 7.XI.01 MR (Balmoral ?) 10s   Trans-H8   Johannesburg Military ( J- HN ) 10s   Trans-H8
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine. A better H8, courtesy of Oscar Van der Vliet
ZAR Zegelregt 20s ZAR Zegelregt 20s ZAR Zegelregt 20s
£1   Trans-H9 £1   Trans-H9 £1   Trans-H9
Another Johannesburg ( J- HN ) in blue and Pretoria Military.
These two scans and the block of 4 x 10s below were kindly supplied by Bram Leeflang
One from Oscar Van der Vliet


ZAR Zegelregt £2 ZAR Zegelregt £5 ZAR Zegelregt £5
£2   Trans-H10   (Source: Andrew Higson) £5   Trans-H11   (Source: Ian Paterson) £5 used at Pretoria Military courtesy Mark Gibson.


ZAR Zegelregt 4 x 10s
4 x 10s   Trans-H8     dated June 1902, latest known usage - courtesy Bram Leeflang.
I presume  J  H  is also Johannesburg, but have not seen it listed.



Note: Hiscocks designations and prices were regardless of cancels used. My designations are intended to be specifically with GB Army Telegraph cancellations.
Whilst H4 and H5 used are given modest values, AT-Tran-4 and AT-Tran-5 used may be very scarce.

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Tran-12 H1 1d light greyish blue, perf. 11½ 3.00 8.00
AT-Tran-12a H1a         perf. 11½ x 14 5.00 10.00
AT-Tran-13 H2 6d rose carmine, perf. 11½ 3.00 7.00
AT-Tran-13a H2a         perf. 11½ x 14 5.00 10.00
AT-Tran-14 H3 1s light greyish blue, perf. 11½ 4.00 7.00
AT-Tran-14a H3a         perf. 11½ x 14 7.00 15.00
AT-Tran-15 H4 1s6d olive-bistre, perf. 11½ 10.00 20.00
AT-Tran-15a H4a         perf. 11½ x 14 15.00 30.00
AT-Tran-16 H5 2s orange, perf. 11½ 10.00 15.00
AT-Tran-16a H5a         perf. 11½ x 14 15.00 25.00
AT-Tran-17 H6 2s6d dull purple, perf. 11½ 10.00 15.00
AT-Tran-17a H6a         perf. 11½ x 14 15.00 25.00
AT-Tran-18 H7 5s bistre, perf. 11½ 10.00 15.00
AT-Tran-18a H7a         perf. 11½ x 14 15.00 25.00
AT-Tran-19 H8 10s brown-ochre, perf. 11½ 10.00 15.00
AT-Tran-19a H8a         perf. 11½ x 14 15.00 25.00
AT-Tran-20 H9 £1 orange-brown, perf. 11½ 15.00 30.00
AT-Tran-20a H9a         perf. 11½ x 14 25.00 50.00
AT-Tran-21 H10 £2 red-brown, perf. 11½ 25.00 75.00
AT-Tran-21a H10a         perf. 11½ x 14 40.00 100.00
AT-Tran-22 H11 £5 yellow-green, perf. 11½ 50.00 125.00
AT-Tran-22a H11a         perf. 11½ x 14 50.00 125.00

Look here for an explanation of the table.



From about September 1901 stamps were overprinted 'Transvaal / Telegraphs' instead of 'V.R.I.' to segregate
them from normal postage/fiscal stamps.


Hiscocks lists 1d, 3d, 4d, 6d, 1s and 2s6d of the series below as H12 to H17.

Transvaal Telegraph 1d Transvaal Telegraph 3d Transvaal Telegraph 4d
1d   Trans-H12 3d   Trans-H13 4d   Trans-H14
Transvaal Telegraph 6d Transvaal Telegraph 1s Transvaal Telegraph 2s6d
6d   Trans-H15 1s  Trans-H16 2s6d   Trans-H17  Source: Andrew Higson

here are H12, H15, and H17.

Can anyone provide scans of H13, H14 or H16 ?

There are forgeries about. Here is an example:
Army Telegraph ½d Fournier fake
This is a Fournier production
'r' of 'Telegraphs' looks different and no stop on end.
courtesy of James Bendon
(Click on image to see source).

Note: Hiscocks designations and prices were regardless of cancels used. My designations are intended to be specifically with GB Army Telegraph cancellations.
Whilst H13, H14 and H17 used are given high values suggesting they are scarce with ANY cancel. AT-Tran-13, AT-Tran-14 and AT-Tran-17 used will be scarcer or even nonexistent.
It is possible that they only ever existed with forged overprints.

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Tran-23 H12 1d carmine-red and green (SG217), perf. 12½ 35.00 50.00
AT-Tran-24 H13 3d purple and green (SG220), perf. 12½ 20.00 -
AT-Tran-25 H14 4d sage green and green (SG221), perf. 12½ 20.00 -
AT-Tran-26 H15 6d dull purple and green (SG222), perf. 12½ 40.00 60.00
AT-Tran-27 H16 1s ochre and green (SG223), perf. 12½ 20.00 -
AT-Tran-28 H17 2s6d grey-lilac and green (SG224), perf. 12½ 75.00 120.00



Below is Hiscocks type H18. They are Revenue stamps of Cape of Good Hope overprinted 'TRANSVAAL'.

The 1s value took over from the earlier 1s value and is known used from March 1901 to January 1902.
The 6d value was also used but is much scarcer (not listed by Hiscocks).

Transvaal overprint on COGH 6d Fiscal - pair Transvaal overprint on COGH 6d Fiscal - Johannesburg.
Scarce 6d (Source: Andrew Higson) 6d   example courtesy of Mark Gibson.

Transvaal overprint on COGH 1s Fiscal - pair Transvaal overprint on COGH 1s Fiscal. Transvaal overprint on COGH 1s - M  D.
These 1s scans above are kindly provided by Bram Leeflang. a pair from Johannesburg and single from Hectorspruit. M- D- of Middleburg courtesy of Mark Gibson.

Transvaal overprint on COGH 1s Fiscal. Transvaal overprint on COGH 1s Fiscal.
First image from Oscar Van der Vliet  showing a   B  3-XI-01 MR  Another from Mark Gibson. This cancel is of an unknown office.


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Tran-29 H18 1s lilac and blue, perf. 13½ 50.00 50.00
AT-Tran-29a   6d dull mauve and lilac, perf. 13½ 80.00 250.00




This is a ZAR 2Sh.6Pence overprinted 'Transvaal Telegraphs / - / One Shilling' (1902).

Transvaal Telegraph 1s on 2s6d Transvaal Telegraph 1s on 2s6d Transvaal Telegraph 1s on 2s6d
Rather feint but looks like it starts with 'J-'
which would make it J-  HN
for Johannesburg.
Rather feint but luckily has 2 strikes so all but the month is visible
giving -S 25.??.01 -R which presents a puzzle.
The only   -S   -R   that I have on the list for South Africa is
Elandslaagte in Natal ! Also this is dated 1901,
Elandslaagte supposedly closed May 1900.
Not feint S- 28.IV.02 N-
1s on 2/6d   Transvaal - H19


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Tran-30 H19 1s on 2s6d grey-lilac, perf. 12½ 50.00 30.00



The remaining telegraph stamps listed by Hiscocks are all
overprinted 'Transvaal / Telegraphs'.
They are:

Trans-H205s   on   £2   (H10)
Trans-H21ZAR 6d overprinted E.R.I. and
'TELEGRAPHS' in italics.
Trans-H221s KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted
as types H12 to H17 above.
Trans-H2310s KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted
similarly but in italics (as H21).
Trans-H24£1 KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted
in italics.
Trans-H25£5 KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted
in italics.


5s on £2 Zegelregt stamp - H20 5s on £2 Zegelregt stamp - H20 1s KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted
5s   Trans-H20, feint J HN (Source: Andrew Higson) 5s   Trans-H20, another J HN (1902, One of mine) 1s   Trans-H22 mockup

Can anyone provide a scan of a real H22 ?
This is a mockup from Hiscocks description of what it should look like !


6d E.R.I. stamp - H21 6d E.R.I. stamp - H21 6d E.R.I. stamp - H21 6d E.R.I. stamp - H21
6d   Trans-H21 (Source: Andrew Higson) 6d   Trans-H21 (Source: 6d   Trans-H21 examples (Source: Ian Paterson)

Note that these examples all have ARMY TELEGRAPHS cancels.


Although looking much 'neater' this is a forgery.
Compare letters 'e' and 's', they are much more italic looking.
6d H21 forgery It does not look like a Fournier.
Army Telegraph ½d Fournier fake
The 'al' of 'Transvaal' looks different
and the 'e's and 's' of 'Telegraphs'.
Courtesy of Andrew Higson. Courtesy of James Bendon who has many
more Fournier examples for sale.
(Click on image to see source).


10s KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted £1 KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted £1 KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted-used £5 KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted
10s  H23, J 31.VII.02.HN (Source: £1   Trans-H24, Image courtesy of Mark Gibson. £1   Trans-H24, used courtesy of Ian Paterson. £5   Trans-H25, Image courtesy of Spink and Son.

There are many forgeries of these, note the genuine overprints shown above.
There are two different though similar types of this overprint which are illustrated along with Hiscocks H21 on
page 44 of 'The Transvaal Philatelist' v39,no2 (150), May 2004


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Tran-31 H20 5s on £2 red-brown, perf. 11½ 300.00 100.00
AT-Tran-32 H21 6d dull purple and green, perf. 12½ 150.00 125.00
AT-Tran-33 H22 1s green and dull purple, perf. 14 - -
AT-Tran-34 H23 10s blue and grey, perf. 14 225.00 150.00
AT-Tran-35 H24 £1 olive and grey, perf. 14 500.00 300.00
AT-Tran-36 H25 £5 purple and grey, perf. 14 1000.00 750.00



The ones shown below are some examples of forgeries.

10s KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted - forgery £1 KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted - forgery £5 KEVII Revenue stamp overprinted - forgery
NOT H23, H24 and H25   -   These scans with FORGED overprints are kindly provided by Oscar Van der Vliet.   Buyers Beware!   Genuine above.

Illustrations of type H20 and more forgeries of H23, H24 and H25 can be seen at the bottom of  HAVING THE REVENUE ON A LINE.

See also H21 above.


Fournier Forgeries.

François Fournier (1846-1917) is known to have produced forgeries of Transvaal surcharges and postmarks. A useful reference can be found here:



Army Telegraph cancel on other items.

Apart from stamps shown so far, a number of items are found with Army Telegraph cancels that were either postal use or created for philatelic purposes.

Precancelled ZAR Telegraph Form Precancelled ZAR Telegraph Form
These are interesting items, unused, though pre-cancelled ZAR Telegraph
forms cancelled with GR 27.VI.00 M- of Germiston.
The stamps are overprinted V.R.I. but not 'Telegraphs' or 'TF' or 'AT'
or any other Telegraphic marking.

Stamps of ½d, 2½d, 3d and 6d were used, adding up to 1/-.

Precancelled ZAR Telegraph Form

I have seen a number of these. They were perhaps made as an investment,
or maybe just souvenirs.



This is another interesting one courtesy of David Wiseman, this on an Army Telegraph Form 295A, but still Germiston.
Precancelled ZAR Telegraph Form
It has 5 stamps totalling 5d (2 x ½d, 2 x 1d, 2d) with GR 26.VII.oo.M Army Telegraph cancels.
It also has another two ½d stamps cancelled with 31 MEI 1900 Johannesburg squared circles that, judging from the positioning,
appear to have been applied after the others despite the earlier date! Why else the odd spacing ? Perhaps it had been unused for a while.
All stamps are 'V.R.I.' but not telegraphic.
Click on the image to enlarge.


For further information on these, see "Army Telegraphs in the Transvaal; an update", The Transvaal Philatelist, v40,no.4(156) Nov.2005 Pg.109
I understand that more similar items are known with a range of values that usually add up to one shilling.
It looks like the first has ½d, 2½d, 3d and 6d adding to 1s, but the second has a total of 6d.

A telegram from Pretoria using a South African Republic form that appears to have been appropriated at Klerksdorp.

Transvaal Telegram
The telegram dated 15/10/1901 details the quickest way to destroy crops. It is estimated that this and similar policies including concentration camps,
led to the deaths of 10% of the population, largely women and children.

It was sent from Residency, Pretoria to 'Ventersdorp Via Rooidraai'. This telegram is forwarding it from Rooidraai to Ventersdorp and is cancelled R- 15.x.01 -O
Ventersdorp is thought to be the code V-   TD which supposedly opened on 8/6/00 and closed on 31/7/00 though it is known used 7/1/01

(Lord Kitchener's) Residency, Pretoria is listed as being code PR  -K but the item below shows it was initially PR  K-

Kitchener's Private Code - a

Kitchener's Private Code - b

The earliest date for Residency Pretoria that I have been given is 05.11.1901. I suspect that 11 may be a mistake for the Roman numerals II meaning 2,
and that "ABWP 17/4 p117" may be a reference to the item above, and the date given for opening of 29.01.1902 may have been for change of code (perhaps due to change of use).
Strangely, this represents the year as '0.1', perhaps causing the confusion over the month. Images courtesy of Ian Paterson.
Does anyone have an example of Residency Pretoria ?



There is evidence that this cancellation was sometimes used for non-telegraphic purposes (as in the OVS).

Transvaal 1d for Xmas cards

Apparently Taaibosch Camp used their Telegraph cancel to send Xmas Cards on 22.XI.00 !!!
They mostly used ORC stamps though.
Irene Military is also known to have used its canceller for postal purposes ( IR 14.IX.00 M- ).


-W 25.VII.02 D-   of Wolmaransstad on O.H.M.S. Army Telegraph envelope C377 - courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.
Transvaal 1d for Xmas cards


I have listed the items with a reasonable expectation of existence.
Remember this is for Army Telegraphic cancellations other than on Designated Telegraph Stamps.

UDes. Description known Used
AT-TranC-1 Army Telegraph Cancel on form or cover, no stamp. Yes -
AT-TranC-2 Army Telegraph Cancel on other piece, no stamp.   -
AT-TranC-3 1d red 1895 Penny Postage Locomotive (SG215c ?) Yes -



Links of relevance:

Transvaal Study Circle

Oscar Van der Vliet's article on Revenues that first brought some of these items to my attention.




The Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria was formed at the beginning of 1914 from the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and
the Southern Nigeria Protectorate together with the Lagos Colony.
At the end of World War I it gained some territory on the east side from the former German colony of Kamerun.
I have not seen telegraphically used stamps of Northern Nigeria, but presume that they probably exist.

The cancels I have seen for Nigeria are not strictly speaking Army Telegraphs, though the form of them would seem to be a modification of the Army Telegraph cancels.
I am guessing that these were created in Britain and shipped to Lagos for the purpose. I am uncertain as to whether they were used by military or civil authorities.
I have seen 3 types, inscribed:
'S N / TELEGRAPHS' (1915)   and



An example of a receipt, from 1910 with King Edward VII stamps

'1910 strip
This form is clearly used in the way common in India and Sudan with the stamps being bisected in use.
This image is courtesy of Andrew Higson. It is half size, click it for a full size version in a new window.


A King George V cover of October 1918.
'Southern Nigeria cover

The auction description says: "backstamped Ilesha Oct. 30 and Oshogbo Nov. 2 transit c.d.s.'s
It is understood that this cover results for[sic] an intense period of signals training resulting from the lack of
experienced signallers in the Nigerian brigade sent to reinforce Allied forces in East Africa depleted by sickness."
See: 'Nigerian Brigade info.'   -   Image courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.


SP hand-stamp - 1d SP hand-stamp - 2d SP hand-stamp - 4d SP hand-stamp - 6d
1d example from 1921 courtesy of
Danica Janeckova (lily*19 on eBay)
2d and 4d of mine (bought from Danica) 6d Courtesy of Mark Gibson.

Government Tels. - 2d
For the sake of interest, here is a 2d cancelled with "GOVT-TELS / UBIAJA", dated 23 MY 21.
Anyone have more examples ?


The following codes are listed in Edward Proud’s book on The Postal History of Nigeria (p.158?).
He also provides these two illustrations:
E.Proud illustration 1  E.Proud illustration 2

Code Place Province
AB Abeokuta Western
ABA Aba Eastern
ABT Abeokuta Town Western
AD Adio Western
AG Agbor Central
AK Akure* Western
AKO Akodo Western
AR Aro Western
BC Benin City Central
BE Bende Eastern
BM Ogbomosho Western
BNR Fishtown Benin Rv. Central
BO Unknown -
BR Unknown -
BTU Bunitu Central
BY Bonny Eastern
CR Calabar-Duke Town?* Eastern
DD Iddo Western
EB Ebute Metta Western
ED Ede Western
Code Place Province
EP Epe Western
FN Ifon Central
FO Iffo Western
FR Forcados Central
GB Oshogbo Station Western
GE Agege Western
GN Ilugun Western
GO Oshogbo Western
GRS Unknown -
HA Ilesha Western
IB Ibadan Station* Western
IBN Ibadan Town Western
IBR Ibadan Residency Western
IK Ikot-Ekbene Eastern
IL Ilegbo Western
IN Iseyin Western
IO Iwo Western
IR Ikirun* Western
ITU Itu Eastern
KT Eket Eastern
Code Place Province
LC Lagos A.D.T.Co. Western
LG Lagos Govt. H.O. Western
LGM Lagos Marina B.O. Western
LM Oloke Meji Western
LP Lalupon Western
OG Origo Western
OGT Oguta Eastern
OI Owerri Eastern
OK Awka Central
OL Olodo Western
ON Onitsha Central
OR Oyo Road Western
OS Ogunshilch Western
OS Ossidinge** Cameroons
OT Otta Western
OU Okuku Western
OW Owo Central
OY Bonny A.D.T.Co. Eastern
OYO Oyo Western
PO Opobo Eastern
Code Place Province
RI Itori Western
SA Sapele Central
SAB Asaba Central
SAK Saki Western
SAT Unknown -
SBO Unknown -
SBM Bamenda** Cameroons
SGA Dschang** Cameroons
SM Unknown -
SPH Port Harcourt Eastern
SU Sanusi Western
TAU Tinto* Cameroons
UA Eruwa Road Western
UB Ubiaja Central
UDI Udi Central
UT Uwet Eastern
UYO Uyo Eastern
WA Wasimi Western
WO Owowo Western
WR Warri Central

*   Known used postally, examples on loose stamps 3d and above should be assumed to be used telegraphically.

**   Army Signals, the * above also applies.



'Government hand-stamp 1914  'Government hand-stamp 1914 'Lagos Government hand-stamp 1917
These two are dated 2 months apart with the same telegraph code.
Around the top is 'LAGOS GOVERNMENT'
Images courtesy of Mark Gibson.
This later one of 1917 shows that it is Lagos Government Telegraphs.
Image courtesy of Andrew Higson.



'SN modified hand-stamp   This later one of 1915 has the top part replaced by 'S   N'

The last 'S' of 'TELEGRAPHS' can just be seen at the bottom.
The date is 7.IX.15 which is too late for a Güller production.
Only the last 'U' of the code can be seen ('Yoruba ?).

Was this the fore-runner of the similar cancel inscribed
below with code   S 25.X.18 AK
courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.
I understand these were used until 1921 at least.


Since the same stamps were generally used with the different cancels,
I will combine the list and add a suffix for the type of cancel used.

The basic number will be for the SOUTHERN NIGERIA cancel, with 'S' added for the S N cancel and 'L' for the LAGOS cancel.



(Edward VII)
UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-SN-1 - ½d green and black 0.60 -
AT-SN-2 - 1d carmine and black 1.25 -
AT-SN-3 - 2d brown and black 2.50 -
AT-SN-4 - 2½d ultramarine and black 1.00 -
AT-SN-5 - 3d violet and brown 9.50 -
AT-SN-6 - 4d black & green 3.75 -
AT-SN-7 - 6d dull violet and black 8.50 -
AT-SN-8 - 1s black & green 3.25 -
AT-SN-9 - 2s6d black & brown 24.00 -
AT-SN-10 - 5s black and yellow 55.00 -
AT-SN-11 - 10s black & purple on yellow 45.00 -
AT-SN-12 - £1 green & violet 325.00 -
(Edward VII)
UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-SN-13 - ½d green 2.25 -
AT-SN-14 - 1d carmine 1.00 -
AT-SN-15 - 2d grey 2.75 -
AT-SN-16 - 2½d ultramarine 6.00 -
AT-SN-17 - 3d violet on yellow 2.00 -
AT-SN-18 - 4d black & red on yellow 2.25 -
AT-SN-19 - 6d purple 27.00 -
AT-SN-20 - 1s black on green 7.00 -
AT-SN-21 - 2s6d black & red on blue 14.00 -
AT-SN-22 - 5s green & red on yellow 40.00 -
AT-SN-23 - 10s green & red on green 95.00 -
AT-SN-24 - £1 violet & black on red 250.00 -


(George V)
UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-SN-25 - ½d green 2.25 -
AT-SN-26 - 1d carmine 2.25 -
AT-SN-26L -       Lagos cancel   -
AT-SN-27 - 2d grey 0.75 -
AT-SN-27S -       SN cancel   -
AT-SN-28 - 2½d ultramarine 5.00 -
AT-SN-29 - 3d violet on yellow 1.00 -
AT-SN-30 - 4d black & red on yellow 1.25 -
AT-SN-31 - 6d dull violet & red-violet 3.00 -
AT-SN-32 - 1s black & green 2.75 -
AT-SN-33 - 2s6d black & red on blue 8.00 -
AT-SN-34 - 5s green & red on yellow 20.00 -
AT-SN-35 - 10s green & red on green 48.00 -
AT-SN-36 - £1 violet & black on red 200.00 -
'NIGERIA' From 1914
(George V)
UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-SN-37 - ½d green 2.00 -
AT-SN-38 - 1d carmine 3.50 -
AT-SN-38L -       Lagos cancel   -
AT-SN-39 - 2d grey 6.00 -
AT-SN-40 - 2½d ultramarine 5.00 -
AT-SN-41 - 3d violet on yellow 1.00 -
AT-SN-42 - 4d grey & red on yellow 0.70 -
AT-SN-43 - 6d dull violet & red-violet 6.50 -
AT-SN-44 - 1s black & green 0.80 -
AT-SN-45 - 2s6d black & red on blue 12.00 -
AT-SN-46 - 5s green & red on yellow 15.00 -
AT-SN-47 - 10s green & red on green 35.00 -
AT-SN-48 - £1 violet & black on red 128.00 -



For Victorian Lagos stamps with Telegraph cancels, see under Other Africa



German East Africa/Tanganyika.


Stamps of East Africa and Uganda were overprinted GER from 1917 to 1922.

  DSM hand-stamp  DSM hand-stamp  DSM hand-stamp
DSM is presumably Dar es Salaam. Some were additionally punctured in use and the 75c here has an 'Army Signals' cancel.
The 12c image is courtesy of Danica Janeckova


DSM on 4 values - 1918
1c, 6c, 12c and 15c apparently used in Dar es Salaam. Perhaps all
together on 4 November. The year is unclear, but perhaps 1918.
Images courtesy of Mark Gibson.
KL on 2 values - 1920
KL 1920 closeup
3c and 6c looks like used 25 November 1920. The code is unclear.
There are quite a few possible places beginning with K.
Image courtesy of Mark Gibson.


The Army Signals cancels were in use by 1921, these dated 9.IV.21.

Army Signals on 1R, 1921 hand-stamp  Army Signals on 2 x 50R, 1921 hand-stamp
Army Signals cancels are larger and often in mauve. The left one is mine, the right image is courtesy of Andrew Higson.

In the listing, I will take ARMY TELEGRAPHS as the default and add ARMY SIGNALS with an 'S' Suffix.


UDes. Hisc. Description Mint
AT-GEA-1 - 1c black (R) 0.20 -
AT-GEA-2 - 3c blue green 0.20 -
AT-GEA-2S -       Army Signals cancel 0.20 -
AT-GEA-3 - 6c carmine 0.20 -
AT-GEA-3S -       Army Signals cancel 0.20 -
AT-GEA-4 - 10c brown-orange 0.40 -
AT-GEA-5 - 12c grey 0.40 -
AT-GEA-6 - 15c ultramarine 0.60 -
AT-GEA-7 - 25c scarlet & black on yellow 0.60 -
AT-GEA-8 - 50c violet & black 0.60 -
AT-GEA-9 - 75c black, blue-green, olive (R) 1.00 -
UDes. Hisc. Description continued Mint
AT-GEA-10 - 1r black on green (R) 2.50 -
AT-GEA-10S -       Army Signals cancel   -
AT-GEA-11 - 2r black & red on blue 7.00 -
AT-GEA-12 - 3r grey-green & violet 10.00 -
AT-GEA-13 - 4r green & red on yellow 13.00 -
AT-GEA-14 - 5r dull violet & ultramarine 28.00 -
AT-GEA-15 - 10r green & red on green 56.00 -
AT-GEA-16 - 20r violet & black on red 140.00 -
AT-GEA-17 - 50r grey-green & red 300.00 -
AT-GEA-17S -       Army Signals cancel 300.00 -



Army Signals on G.E.A. cover - front   The front has an 'Army Signals' cancel
coded 'W N ... ' - (WIEDHAFEN).
on stamps of German East Africa

Source Andrew Higson.
Army Signals on G.E.A. cover - back   The back is more complicated :

There is a 'dumb' Army Signals cancel coded 'TDA 7 - 11.21' - (TANDALA).
An Army Telegraphs cancel coded 'IRA-14.II.21' - (IRINGA).
An Army Telegraphs cancel coded 'KL-21.II.21--' - (KILOSSA).
And finally a Daressalaam CDS dated 23 FE 1921

Source Andrew Higson.


For G. E. A. with other cancels, see under Other Africa





Nile Expedition 1884.

A failed attempt to suppress the Mahdi uprising in Sudan required the use of these stamps. These were unusual in that due to the urgency, the leads used in the overprinting
were of a reduced "temporary" size (a third) compared to the later permanent versions.
The pence leads had 40 impressions out of the later 120.
The shilling leads had 28 impressions out of the later 84.
The pound leads had 20 impressions out of the later 60.

A presentation sheet using the Cairo cancel.
Military Telegraph - Selection
This is the only recorded usage of the bisected 1d value. Courtesy of Spink and Son.
The Cairo cancel is unusual in that it
was black and Cairo had 'CAIRO'
inscribed between the

Military Telegraph Cairo overprints

rings around the bottom where
the others had a number, instead
of being as a code above the date.
A real life example of Cairo
showing that the cancel was used for
more than presentation sheets.

Military Telegraph Cairo overprints
Ex. Andrew Higson,
image courtesy of Spink & Son.


Egypt     1884 - 1886shown
LL Luxor Legal ?   (No.25) ? (9.5.1885) Tick

"Army Book, 295c." form printed by Harrison & Sons, London and completed in Arabic.
Like Cairo, the cancel is in black, rather than the usual purple.
Military Telegram form in Arabic
The date is said to be "9 MAY" with apparently no year. It is to the Council of Egyptian Decisions.
The code is LL which is thought to be Luxor Legal. - Image courtesy of Andrew Higson.





Shortcuts to different sections
1895 1897 1898 On Forms Other

Suakin Expedition 1885.

The requirements of accounting for non-military use of their facilities necessitated the use of stamps.
The same stamps were used as shown under Bechuanaland at the top of this page, and various offices were opened, using their own codes as shown in the table.

A selection of Military Telegraphs, used at Quarantine Island.
Military Telegraph - QI Selection
'QI'   -    Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

Sudan   20.03 to 15.05  1885shown
HL(Wadi) Halfa   (No.4)   (10.2.1885)X
QIQuarantine Island   (No.3)  (20.3.1885) Tick
SKSuakin   (No.16)  (19.3.1885) Tick
WRWestern Redoubtx
ZANo.1 Post, and later, 2nd Brigade HQx
Field Telegraph cancel on Military Telegraph
Quarantine Island (No.3), 20th March 1885.
The form is of the Eastern Telegraph Company
whose office on Quarantine Island was shared by
the Army telegraph, base of operations.

Illustration is courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
Click on it for a larger image.
Suakin (No.16) 2s pair dated 19/3/1885
Earliest known use of 'SK' on 19 March 1885 courtesy of Dr. David Sher.

Suakin (No.16) 6d on blue form, dated 19/3/1885
Another example, but clearly on a different kind of form. - Ex. Andrew Higson.
Image courtesy of Spink & Son.


There was a problem with the above, in that what was needed were stamps in the local currency.
Initially, stamps were overprinted locally in Cairo.

MT 0.1 PT on 1d  RH15 MT 0.25 PT on 3d  RH16 MT 1 PT on 6d  RH17 MT 5 PT on 1s  RH18
0.1 PT on 1d, GB-RH15 0.25 PT on 3d, GB-RH16 1 PT on 6d, GB-RH17 5 PT on 1s, GB-RH18

MT 10 PT on 2s  RH19 MT 25 PT on 5s  RH20 specimen MT 50 PT on 10s  RH21 specimen MT 100 PT on £1  RH22 specimen
10 PT on 2s, GB-RH19 25 PT on 5s, GB-RH20 50 PT on 10s, GB-RH21 100 PT on £1, GB-RH22

The last three are specimens courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

There was a problem with these too, in that overprinting previously gummed sheets in very humid conditions was problematic.


Overprinted in London February 1887.

MT 1 dime on 1d RH23 MT 2 dime on 2d RH24 MT 5 dime on 3d RH25 MT 1 piastre on 6d RH26 MT 2 piastre on 8d RH27
1 dime on 1d, GB-RH23 2 dime on 2d, GB-RH24 5 dime on 3d, GB-RH25 1 piastre on 6d, GB-RH26 2 piastre on 8d, GB-RH27

MT 5 piastre on 1s RH28 MT 10 piastre on 2s RH29 MT 25 piastre on 5s RH30 MT 50 piastre on 10s RH31 MT 100 piastre on £1 RH32
5 piastre on 1s, GB-RH28 10 piastre on 2s, GB-RH29 25 piastre on 5s, GB-RH30 50 piastre on 10s, GB-RH31
The GB-H23-31 are mine, but the illustration of the GB-H32 is courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. 100 PT on £1, GB-RH32



With Army Telegraph cancel only.


Egyptian stamps overprinted السودان / SOUDAN (Sudan in Arabic and French) were available since 1 March 1897 in the Sudan.
These were used initially (pre-provisional, not listed by Hiscocks) for Army Telegraphs and examples of them are known from June 1897 according to Langmead & Huggins.


Sudan Telegraph 2m Sudan Telegraph 3m Sudan Telegraph 1p
AT-Sud-2 AT-Sud-3 AT-Sud-5


UDes. Hisc. Description Known Mint Used
AT-Sud-1   1 mil dark brown (SG2)   1.70 80.00
AT-Sud-2   2 mil blue-green (SG3) Yes 1.70 80.00
AT-Sud-3   3 mil yellow (SG4) Yes 1.20 80.00
AT-Sud-4   5 mil carmine (SG5)   1.50 10.00
AT-Sud-5   1 pias blue (SG6) Yes 6.00 10.00
AT-Sud-6   2 pias orange-brown (SG7)   37.00 15.00
AT-Sud-7   5 pias grey (SG8)   30.00 20.00
AT-Sud-8   10 pias mauve (SG9)   22.00 30.00


There are many forgeries of this overprint, identification is made harder by the variability of it.
In combination with a (presumed genuine) Army Telegraph cancel gives more credibility.
(It is much less convincing with an Egyptian cancel)

Some blocks of stamps, courtesy Spink and Son.
Sudan Telegraph Blocks


Soon after (L & H give 14 September 1897 as earliest known use) the stamps were additionally overprinted 'TEL' in a horizontal oval (provisionals).
All values (1m, 2m, 3m, 5m, 1p, 2p, 5p and 10p) exist with a black overprint (Hiscocks 1-8),
additionally the 5m, 1p, 5p and 10p exist with a blue overprint (Hiscocks 9-12). These overprints can be quite feint.

Note: Forged 'TEL' overprints exist John Barefoot says: "Forgeries are often seen, and tend to be neater than the original,
and often with TEL in thinner letters. On the genuine stamps, the letter 'T' of 'TEL' is always longer than the other two letters".

Sudan Telegraph 10p forgery
Neatness is not something easily quantified, but the cancel can give you a hint. The rest I agree with.
Compare this to the other examples. The Soudan overprint looks genuine though.
Image of 10p with forged 'TEL', courtesy of Armen on eBay.


Sudan Telegraph 5m
E- 13.VI.98 -C   of the Egyptian Corps (Cavendish sale 676 lot 268 was for a form with 720 of these !)
Sudan Telegraph 5m pair
A couple more (Hiscocks H4) from the Egyptian Corps.


Sudan Telegraph 2p
T 12.V.98 I K- 1.V.98 -R   (Kerma)


Sudan Telegraph 2p
Hiscocks H6     M 23.II.98 -R   (Merawai / Merowe)


H4 Sudan Telegraph 5m   Sudan Telegraph 5m   Sudan Telegraph 5m
H5 Sudan Telegraph 1p
H6 Sudan Telegraph 2p   Sudan Telegraph 2p   Sudan Telegraph 2p
Sudan Telegraph 2p   Sudan Telegraph 2p
H7 Sudan Telegraph 5p Sudan Telegraph 5p
H9 Sudan Telegraph 5m Sudan Telegraph 5m Sudan Telegraph 5m
Sudan Telegraph 1p mint blue TEL Sudan Telegraph 5p grey TEL
Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
Sudan Telegraph 5p blue cancel
5p with blue cancel, courtesy of Armen on eBay.


An unused selection, courtesy Spink and Son.

Sudan Telegraph unused


Sudan Telegraph block
This is a block of H9 stamps used at Halfa on1st May 1898 - courtesy of Mark Gibson.
It is interesting in that the 'ELE' of 'TELEGRAPHS' and part of the date seem to be partly in the same ink as used for the 'TEL' overprint !
Were overprint and cancel applied at the same desk and the canceller had hit the wrong pad first ?


Al Soodan (backwards) in Arabic.

This overprinting was done at Boulaq, Cairo by the
Imprimerie Nationale.
Stamp panes were in 10 columns of 6 vertical stamps.
Each of the 6 stamps had a slightly different overprint
as shown on the right.

Images courtesy of Simon Andrews of



'TEL' overprint in black. (Wmk. Egyptian Star)

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Sud-9 H1 1 mil dark brown (SG2) 100.00 75.00
AT-Sud-10 H2 2 mil blue-green (SG3) 100.00 75.00
AT-Sud-11 H3 3 mil yellow (SG4) 100.00 75.00
AT-Sud-12 H4 5 mil carmine (SG5) 15.00 5.00
AT-Sud-13 H5 1 pias blue (SG6) 20.00 10.00
AT-Sud-14 H6 2 pias orange-brown (SG7) 20.00 10.00
AT-Sud-15 H7 5 pias grey (SG8) 20.00 15.00
AT-Sud-16 H8 10 pias mauve (SG9) 25.00 25.00

Look here for an explanation of the table.



'TEL' overprint in blue.

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Used
AT-Sud-17 H9 5 mil carmine (SG5) 30.00 15.00
AT-Sud-18 H10 1 pias blue (SG6) 30.00 25.00
AT-Sud-19 H11 5 pias grey (SG8) 50.00 40.00
AT-Sud-20 H12 10 pias mauve (SG9) 100.00 75.00





Special Military Telegraph stamps were provided 1 March 1898 with central perforation for easy bisection.

Sudan Telegraph 5m Sudan Telegraph 5m
Sudan-H18 Sudan-H19
Sudan Telegraph 1p Sudan Telegraph 2p
Sudan-H20 Sudan-H21
Sudan Telegraph 5p Sudan Telegraph 5p half  Sudan Telegraph 5p half
Sudan-H22 Sudan-H22 separately used halves
Sudan Telegraph 10p Sudan Telegraph 25p
Sudan-H23 Sudan-H24


These exist with 3 watermarks,

initially (1 March 1898) the 'rosette'
for 5m, 1p, 2p and 5p values
(Hiscocks 13-16).
Sudan Watermark 1
Followed by the Egyptian Star and Crescent
(as used on the pyramid and sphinx series)
June 1898, only used for the 10p value
(Hiscocks 17, scarce).
Sudan Watermark 2
Lastly (Sept 1898 for 10p, 1899 for the rest)
by the Sudanese Star and Crescent for the 5m,
1p, 2p (scarce), 5p, 10p and 25p
(Hiscocks 18-24).
Sudan Watermark 3

I have to say that given the obvious importance of cancelling both halves, I wonder why so many have only half cancelled.
Were a lot of them cancelled to order perhaps ?


Sudan 2 x 5m on piece Sudan 2 x 1p on piece
A couple of 5m stamps with a Berber cancel. A couple of 1 piastre stamps on piece with Khartoum cancel.
Courtesy of


Sudan Telegraph QN 5m Sudan Telegraph QN 1p
Sudan Telegraph QN 2p Sudan Telegraph QN 5p
This is -Q   -N which could easily be confused with the O   N below. I have not heard of it before.
I recently got the (rosette wmk.) set of these all together in an eBay lot.
They all have the same date so were probably 'by favour'.


Wmk. 'rosette'.

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Whole Used Half Used
AT-Sud-21 H13 5 mil lilac-brown and violet 15.00 15.00 5.00
AT-Sud-22 H14 1 pias black and red 15.00 15.00 5.00
AT-Sud-23 H15 2 pias green and lilac-brown 15.00 15.00 5.00
AT-Sud-24 H16 5 pias violet and black 10.00 15.00 5.00


Wmk. 'Egyptian Star and Crescent'.

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Whole Used Half Used
AT-Sud-25 H17 10 pias rose and green 40.00 100.00 25.00

I have reduced the mint price on these due to several recent finds of mint blocks and a sheet.


Wmk. 'Sudanese Star and Crescent'.

UDes. Hisc. Description Mint Whole Used Half Used
AT-Sud-26 H18 5 mil lilac-brown and violet 5.00 10.00 4.00
AT-Sud-27 H19 5 mil brown and pale blue 10.00 15.00 5.00
AT-Sud-28 H20 1 pias black and red 5.00 10.00 4.00
AT-Sud-29 H21 2 pias green and lilac-brown 37.50 50.00 12.00
AT-Sud-30 H22 5 pias violet and black 5.00 10.00 4.00
AT-Sud-31 H23 10 pias rose and green 7.50 10.00 4.00
AT-Sud-32 H24 25 pias pale blue and brown 10.00 15.00 5.00


Sudan 5m - brown & violet Sudan 5m - brown & violet - detail Sudan 5m - brown & blue - detail Ashraf, a member of the EGYPT Study Circle, points out a constant variety on the 5m stamp.
The corner block shows the position of it.
There is a white dot above the Arabic script below the camels.
Images courtesy of Ashraf (nasrstamps on Delcampe, click images for listing)
Sudan 5m - brown & blue


Army Telegraph cancel on Telegraph Forms.

Sudan Cancel G- G-
G- 28.XI.99. G- unknown location with a total of 134 half-stamps.
(Source: Andrew Higson)


Sudan Cancel H L for Halfa
This is a Telegraph received at Wadi Halfa with cancel   'H 19.V.98 L'   on a complete form. The telegraph was sent from the Sirdar at Abadia.
This was shortly after the battle of Abadia on 8/4/98, the turning point in the conquest of Sudan, and the Sirdar (Kitchener) was requesting boats (except SS.Nubia a 430ft P&O passenger steamer).
The Battle of Omdurman (across the Nile from Khartoum) on 2/9/98 was a defeat for Mahdist forces by Kitchener
(with the support of gunboats on the Nile).
Image: courtesy of Stephen Murray, Professional Philatelic and Archive dealer with an eBay shop.


Another Telegraph from the Sirdar
Sudan Cancel H L Sudan Cancel H L
Cancel   H 23.VII.98 L


A Telegram Receipt dated 19th November 1899 to Berber.
Sudan 1899 telegram Receipt to Berber
Ex Andrew Higson, courtesy of Spink & Son.

A Telegram Receipt dated 25th May 1900 to Omdurman.
Sudan 1900 telegram Receipt to Omdurman
Ex Andrew Higson, courtesy of Spink & Son.




Army Telegraph cancel on other items.

Sudan Cancel G- G-
Used on postal stationery, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions (vendor thought it from Taufikia (later called Halfa), upper Nile)


Sudan Cancel M L Sudan 2m and 3m

Sudan 1m, 4m and 5m
Sudan - Other
M 28.VIII.10. L Malakal on 3m O.S.G.S. overprinted postage stamp.
(Source: Andrew Higson)         plus similar on normal stamps.
S   A (Sarras) dated 13 X 06 on 10P,   Blue cancel on 'Army Service' overprinted 2P,   O   B(reversed) (El Obeid) dated 14 X 06 on O.S.G.S. overprinted 1P
Images courtesy of Andrew Higson.


Abadiah Army Cancel on 3m block
Abadiah cancel   A  24. V. 98. D-   on 12 x 3m stamps.

Other postal stationery 5m (C. 1902) and 3m brown, 5m red (C. 1905-10).

Sudan 2m and 3m  Sudan 3m postal stationery   Sudan 5m postal stationery


Sudan Cancel G- G-
'KO 27 III 26 KT' on 10m cover, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions (Stated to be Kongor).


Sudan Army Cancel on 50 AS Sudan Obeid Army Cancel
Army Telegraph cancel on an Army Service, SG A24. Army Telegraph, Obeid cancel O- 11.XI.06 B with backwards 'B'.


This is the latest use of Omdurman I have seen with O 14.IX.06 -N for 14 September 1906.
Unknown late use C- -L 1919 on Receipt
Image courtesy of



Abadiah Army Cancel on 1m block
Abadiah cancel   A  23. V. 98. D-   on 10 x 1m stamps.
I am not entirely sure of the date on this as the cancel is not so clear.
But it is 2? V 98


Here is a useful map


Army Telegraph cancel on normal postage stamps.

UDes. Description Known Used
AT-SudC-11 Round 5 mil red postal stationery (C. 1902) Yes -
AT-SudC-12 5 mil red camel postal stationery (C. 1903) Yes -
AT-SudC-13 3 mil brown pyramid postal stationery (C. 1905) Yes -
AT-SudC-14 5 mil red pyramid postal stationery (C. 1910) Yes -
AT-SudC-15 1 mil camel postman, (Scott 17 / SG 18.) Yes -
AT-SudC-16 2 mil camel postman, (Scott 18 / SG 19.) Yes -
AT-SudC-17 3 mil camel postman, (Scott 11 / SG ?) Yes -
AT-SudC-17a 3 mil camel postman, (Scott 19 / SG 20?) Yes -
AT-SudC-18 4 mil    "     ", (Red + Brown, Scott 21 / SG 22.) Yes -
AT-SudC-19 5 mil camel postman, (Scott 22 / SG 23.) Yes -
AT-SudC-20 1P camel postman, (Scott 23 / SG ?) Yes -
AT-SudC-21 10P camel postman, (Scott 27 / SG ?) Yes -
AT-SudC-22 10 mil camel postman, (Scott 34 / SG ?) Yes -
AT-SudC-23 2P 'Army Service' overprinted (Scott MO10 / SG O8?) Yes -
AT-SudC-24 3mil O.S.G.S. overprinted (as above, Scott O4 / SG O6) Yes -
AT-SudC-25 1P O.S.G.S. overprinted (as above, Scott O6 / SG O8?) Yes -
AT-SudC-26 5P brown and green with 'AS' perfin SG A24. Yes -

I know there are more, I will add steadily.
The SG catalogue that I have is very simplified,
it does not distinguish the 1898 watermark from the 1902 watermark.



I now have a reference for many codes used in Sudan.
See Stagg, E.C.W. (Maj.) (1974) Sudan: The Postal Markings, 1867-1970

(Pgs. 35,36) RPSL ISBN 0900631074 (0-900631-07-4)



Unknown late use C- -L 1919 on Receipt
This is quite late use with C- 10.VIII.19 -L so it is could be from the Sudan,
though perhaps more likely Egypt. There are no markings on the back.
Langmead & Huggins (page 110) say examples are known from there as late as 1933.

However at this time the canceller was in use in UK, Western Europe, Egypt,
Palestine, Mesopotamia, and South Africa, so it could any one of these too.
A nice clear example of the cancellation anyway.



2m Postage Tax - 1 2m Postage Tax - 2 3m Postage Tax - 1 3m Postage Tax - 2
Another type of item that I have recently been made aware of. All I know is that these were in eBay lot 114226174395.
I thought that I could look up the details from that, but eBay has deleted it.
If these are yours, please get in touch.
They are Sudanese Postage Tax stamps dating from 1901.


References to publications relating to Military Telegraphs and Army Telegraphs.

This list is kindly provided by Dr Andrew Higson FRPSL

Adams, R.M. (1970) Through to 1970: Royal Signals Golden Jubilee. Royal Signals Institution.

Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, The (2005) “For the Record: The use of unappropriated die Army Telegraph duties in South Africa (from Jim Buckingham)”, Vol.48, No.4, December, pp.88-89.

Austin, B. (2004) “Wireless In The Boer War”, The Journal of the Royal Signals Institution, Vol.XXV, No., Spring, pp.23-29.

Brown, A.J. (1967) “East African Campaign 1914-1918 (continued)”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter No.87, Vol.IX, No.7, pp61-67.

Brown, E.G. (1960) “Army Telegraph Cancellations”, The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, Vol.3, No.2, pp25-27.

Cairnes, Captain W.E. (1899) “The British Army Manoeuvres”, Scribner’s Magazine, January, pp.61-76.

Coles, C.W.E. (1970) “Army Signals ‘NR’ 1917”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter No. 101, January-February, p.10.

Creeke, Jr, A.B. (1891) “Military Telegraphs”, Philatelic Record, Vol.XIII, No.48, pp.83-88.

Daniel, F. (1986) “Khartoum? Or not Known? That was the Question”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter No.187, Spring, pp.125-126.

Daniel, F. (1987) “Handstamps of the Royal Engineers Signals in Mesopotamia and Egypt, 1917-1918”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter No.194, Vol.XX, No.4, Winter, pp.58-66.

Dobbs, M. (1986) “Fake Army Signals Covers From Austria”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter, No.187, Spring, pp.118-122.

Dobbs, M. (1990) “JER – A Jersey Code or Not?”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter, No.205, Autumn, p.88.

Drysdall, A.R. (1995) Transvaal: Revenue and Telegraph Stamps.  James Bendon Ltd in association with the Transvaal Study Circle: Limassol, Cyprus.

Drysdall, A.R. and Langmead, P. (1996) “Telegraph stamps – an update”, The Transvaal Philatelist, Vol.31, No.2 (118), pp.70-73.

Drysdall, A.R. and Penycuick, K. (1986) “The East Africa Campaign 1914-18: Cancellations on N.F.F. mail”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter, No.188, Summer, pp.128-131.

Forces Postal History Society Newsletter (1983), “Doubtful Lundy Covers”, No.175, Spring, pp.64-65.

Hippisley, Lt-Col. R.E. (1902) History of the Telegraph operations during the War in South Africa 1899-1902.  HMSO: London.

Hiscocks, S.E.R. (1982) Telegraph and telephone stamps of the world: a priced and annotated catalogue: published by the author.

Hisey, R.W. and Bartshe, R.T. (2004) Orange Free State Philately, Vol.2 The Telegraphs.  The Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa and The OSSEWA Press: Sebring, FL.

Jagger, A. (1962) “Army Signals Express Letter Services”, Forces Postal History Society Newsletter, No.58 (Vol.VI, No.8), November-December, pp.71-72.

Langmead, P. (1975) “Early Army Telegraph Cancellations”, The London Philatelist, Vol.84, January, p.15.

Langmead, P. (1980) “Great Britain Telegraphs”, The London Philatelist, May-June, pp.86-95.

Langmead, P. (1986) “British Army telegraph stamps used in South Africa 1899-1900: A plea for help”, The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, Vol.29, pp.19-22.

Langmead, P. (1988) “Army Telegraph Cancellations” The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, Vol.31, pp.34-37.

Langmead, P. (1995) “British Army Telegraphs in the Boer War”, The London Philatelist, Vol.104, p.21.

Langmead, P. (2003) “Army Telegraph Cancellations of the Anglo-Boer War”, The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, Vol.46, No.4, December, pp.89-92.

Langmead, P. and Huggins, A. (2003) The Telegraph Stamps and Stationery of Great Britain 1851-1954.  GB Philatelic Publications Ltd: London.

Lucking, Tony (2002) “Telephony in the Anglo-Boer War”, The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, Vol.45, No.3, September, pp.58-62.

Millineaux, Lt-Col. (Ret.) D.S. (2004) “Young Harry’s War”, The Journal of the Royal Signals Institution, Vol.XXV, No.1, Spring, pp.18-22.

Nalder, R.F.H. (1953) History of British Army Signals in the Second World War.  Royal Signals Institution.

Stagg, E.C.W. (Maj.) (1974) Sudan. The Postal Markings 1867-1970.  London: RPSL.

Stanford, Tony (2002) “The Half-Penny QV Jubilee Army Telegraphs Overprints”, The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, Vol.45, No.1, March, pp.17-18.

Stroud, R. (2004) “Army Telegraph cancellations of the Anglo-Boer War”, The Anglo-Boer War Philatelist, Vol.47, No.3, September, pp.74-76.

Tamsen, E. (1902a) “The fiscal and telegraph stamps of the Orange Free State”, Morley’s Philatelic Journal, Vol.3, No.10, pp.73-75.

Tamsen, E. (1902b) “The telegraph stamps of the Transvaal”, Morley’s Philatelic Journal, Vol.3, No.11, pp.81-83.

The Sphere (1900) “How the telegraph is worked in the field”, March 31, p.314.

Stamps (circa 1985) “More on Fake Army Signals Covers”, p.45.

Ward, G (1953) “Army Signals Service”, Philatelic Magazine, November 6th, p.911.

Watson, G. (2001) “British Second Army, 11th November 1918”, (downloaded 10/01/2007).



This page has given me a steep learning curve

A am obliged to the following for helping me with this web-page :

Peter Langmead & Alan Huggins for "The Telegraph Stamps and Stationery of Great Britain 1851-1954" the book that got me started on this.
S.E.R. Hiscocks for the book that filled in many of the gaps: 'TELEGRAPH and TELEPHONE Stamps of the World, a Priced and Annotated Catalogue'.
The Anglo-Boer War Philatelic Society
Orange Free State Study Circle
Transvaal Study Circle
GB Overprints Society

Many illustrations provided by Dr Andrew Higson FRPSL
Illustrations provided by Oscar Van der Vliet
Many illustrations provided by Bram Leeflang
Many illustrations provided by Dr. Mark Gibson
Many illustrations provided by Grosvenor Auctions


Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.


Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.


Last updated 1st. January 2024

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Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.


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